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Fe (Extraverted Ethics) / E (Emotions)

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Extraverted Ethics according to Aushra Augustinavichiute

Information about processes occurring in objects – primarily emotional processes occurring in people, people’s state of excitation or suppression, and their moods. This aspect of perception provides an ability to e.g. understand what inspires people and what suppresses them. It determines one’s ability or inability to control one’s own emotional state and the emotional states of others.

When this aspect of perception is in the leading position, the individual has an ability to transfer their own moods to others, induce their own moods in others, infect others with their own emotions. They are able to activate other people’s spiritual life and emotional readiness for action. Such an individual has an ability to infect others with their moods, and a tendency to impose specific emotional states on them (those emotional states being what the individual considers beneficial for others’ activities).

What we usually call human emotions or emotional displays is merely a way to directly release this internal excitation without using most of it for muscle activity. A cheerful, laughing person releases an emotional charge (excitation) through certain movements of face and body muscles. This can be a way of relieving overexcitation when the tension cannot be used for the intended activity. But it can also be a way of consciously transferring one’s excitation to other people, inducing one’s internal arousal in the psyche of others. Anger is also a way of relieving one’s overexcitation, but instead of emotionally arousing other people it is usually intended to emotionally suppress and drain them, reduce their activity or direct this activity in a very particular way.[1]

Extraverted Ethics according to WSS

Aspect: Affective motivation. People undergo an ever-changing kaleidoscope of emotion. These emotions can vary in nature and intensity, from happiness to anger to fear to solemnity. In each case, these feelings affect the bearer, motivating their behaviour. When expressed, emotion easily passes to other people, where it is felt in turn and passed on. As such, moods can travel outwards to include numerous other people, perpetuating a shared energy or feeling that can provoke or increase enjoyment. This emotional atmosphere can be participated in and contributed to, or undermined.

Metabolism: The individual experiences emotions which they express to the people around them. In doing so, any need to express one's feelings is satisfied and the emotional energy of the environment is increased, leading to greater affect and involvement. In this way, how people feel can be moved and uplifted through public expression, changing people's perceptions and instilling passion. Similarly, people are brought together under these propagated moods, supporting the feeling being created and the activities being undertaken with those feelings.

Strength: The person possesses a good understanding of their emotions and others', knowing how to appeal to their feelings and to be likeable. In this way, they can be charismatic, winning people over with their personality, or cheering them up, and being able to enlist people's voluntary, enthusiastic help. They will be confident in image-control, knowing how people respond emotionally to their behaviour, and making their communications more pleasing or to create a desired effect. In this way, the person will be good at getting a message across to others and instigating the right responses.

Value: The person desires an enrichment of their emotional experiences, appreciating things by the amount they are made to feel or care. They will be attracted to things that stir interest, passion or enjoyment, preferring what is fun, uplifting or exciting. The person will desire to be accepted or even admired by others, evaluating the goodness of things by their effect on the surrounding emotional state. They will place an emphasis on authentic self-expression, being able to show how they feel, communicating their passions and not wanting to hide how they feel from others.[2]

Extraverted Ethics according to SHS

Rhetoric, pathos, slogans, aphorisms; sociability, demonstrativeness; passions, desires, mood; hormonal system.


While being emotionally excited, a person loses objective rigours of judgement and plunges into the turbulent currents of their subjective preferences and feelings. Their consciousness makes very biassed assessments, which are just an expression of perceived value for an object or a person. The thought process takes the form of a speech rich in intonation, fast in pace, and lengthy in verbal content. Thinking proceeds as a dialogue with a real or imagined interlocutor.


A person in a persistent E-state claims the social role of an emotional “enabler.” Within a team, they pay attention to the mood of people and actively influence those around who deviate from the general emotional state of a group. The task of the emotional enablers, depending on the situation, is either to raise everybody's mood, cheer them up or to inspire, or to express negative emotions, pick on people, stir up some trouble. After having emotionally involved everyone in the productive process, the E-type switches to external communication—making connections with other teams and assessing the state of affairs in them. This second informal role is called the resource explorer.


The E-state is expressed as an exciting strong desire or passion. It can spill out in the form of turbulent joy or inconsolable grief. The E-user feels others like they feel themselves. This is the essence of empathy, which is so necessary for a practising psychologist. The E-state is rational, that is, it is realised by a person, but it is very difficult to manage. Passion, whether it is joy or sorrow, is always one-sided: it concentrates all mental resources on one person or a group of people, so it deprives them of any choice in the matter.


The physical clues that a person is immersed in an E-state are well recognized. These are wide-open burning eyes, rich facial expressions, quick and expressive gestures, erratic and impetuous movements, changes in complexion (suddenly turning red or pale). An ability to enter the E-state is necessary for anyone working on a stage and performing in front of an audience. The emotional expressiveness of an actor or a speaker is the main means of influencing the audience.[3]


[1] Aushra Augustinavichiute, Socion - The Foundation of Socionics
[2] WSS, The IM Elements - Judgments
[3] SHS, Functional state E - Ethics of Emotions

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