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Se (Extraverted Sensing) / F (Force)

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Extraverted Sensing according to Aushra Augustinavichiute

Information about what one could call “kinetic energy” of objects. For example, how externally organized someone is, their physique and energy-related qualities, their ability to successfully exercise their will and use their official position. This perception provides an ability to see how much “kinetic energy” a particular person has and how useful they can be in action. It determines one’s ability or inability to exercise their will in opposition to the will of others, and use their energy against the energy of others.

When this aspect of perception is in the leading position, the individual has volitional qualities and is an excellent organizer of any new activity. They have an aptitude for mobilizing people towards achieving the goal, and know how to utilize and manage animate and inanimate objects. Such an individual knows how to handle physical things, how to recreate almost any object based on existing samples. This demonstrates their aptitude for organizing physical matter. They seek to exercise their volition, energy, strength, to subordinate others’ will to their own.[1]

Extraverted Sensing according to WSS

Aspect: Physical extension. By existing and thus taking up space, something physical necessarily pushes other objects out of their place. Two things cannot occupy the same space at once, and necessarily compete for that space, with those possessing greater density tending to win. In the same way people use their varying wills and resources to compete in the real world, with the stronger prevailing.

Metabolism: The individual engages in direct competition with other people and forces in their life, pushing against reality with one's will to win it over, claiming the spoils of the conflict and thus increasing power. It requires perception of what things are, the amount of power or resources people have, whether they are a threat to your standing, or you could be a threat to them. It also requires the person wilfully taking the initiative to challenge the other person and to exert one's available resources in order to win.

Strength: The person is good at perceiving the power and resources of themselves and the people in their immediate environment, knowing where to challenge and where to not challenge. They know from this the strengths to utilise and the weaknesses to exploit. They also know how much they must exert of themselves in order to succeed, controlling their actions, resources and surrounding space to their advantage. Consequently they are good at acting capably in the present and usually make things happen there and then the way they want.

Value: The person desires impact to be made on their surroundings in a real, confrontational sense. When something is wanted or needed, it needs to be taken decisively. Anything unwanted needs to be fought against and beaten. You decide, you act, there's no going back. The harshness of life is accepted and the person sees the forces of the world as things to be helped or actively resisted with contrary force. Actions and decisions are made with recognition of these forces, and how it is important to navigate them, steering clear or befriending the strong, while defending, ignoring or exploiting the weak.[2]

Extraverted Sensing according to SHS

Reflexes, instincts; coercion or resistance; mobilisation, self-confidence; muscular system.


The F-state is an instinctual understanding of the strengths and weaknesses. Thinking in this state is extremely concrete, grounded, and objectified. It is necessarily accompanied by muscle sensations. F-thinking is compared to “probing” or “weighing” an object. F-thinking is nonverbal–it does not use words. A person engaged in F-thinking looks down at the ground as if listening to their bodies.


A person with a persistent F-state claims the power centre of the group. They intervene in the course of the group's activities whenever they feel it is necessary to speed things up or to slow them down, or even to change the direction entirely. The F-type can be compared to an orchestra conductor who controls the group with a single wave of the hand, a turn of the head, or a change in the body position. They usually do not seek to stand in front of the group, i.e. to officially lead it. Therefore, another name for the F-role in a society is an informal (shadow) leader.


The F-state feels like complete self-confidence. Any doubts, past experiences, reflections are impossible in this state. It is a sense of ownership, no matter where the person is. It is an attitude to win at any cost. It is a strong nervous system and self-control. It is a quick mobilisation of forces, allowing one to strike or repel a blow at a moment’s notice.


The F-state requires a massive, full body. There are not many movements, but they are all made confidently, in one sweeping motion without pauses. Static posture of a person standing firmly with both feet on the ground. The gaze is sharp, intense, and heavy. This gaze weighs and evaluates the balance of power. Despite heavy inertia, the body is easy to rotate: the F-state is very manoeuvrable–the body easily turns in any direction, quickly reacting to the situation at the front, the back, and the sides.[3]


[1] Aushra Augustinavichiute, Socion - The Foundation of Socionics
[2] WSS, The IM Elements - Perceptions
[3] SHS, Functional state F - Power Sensory

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