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Ego - Id - Superego

The influence of Freud on the Enneagram of Personality is immense, as Freud's work with personality was largely the basis of integrating personality into Enneagram's intense spiritualism, and this goes as far back as Ichazo's iterations of the Enneagram. In Naranjo's work and beyond, Freudian psychoanalysis only becomes increasingly more prominent. It is convenient then that Freud proposes three fundamental "psychic instances," which correspond with the Enneagram's Law of Three.

Firstly, what is the ego, id, and superego? These are terms coined by German Psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud who used them as a way to formulate a general psychological structure. Starting at infancy, the child begins with the id, which is the unconscious instinctual and selfish drive that underlies our conscious experience. Then, the parents teach the child principles, exemplify conducts, and impose on the child, resulting in the development of the superego. The superego is the in a subconscious state halfway between consciousness and unconsciousness, and it comprises our general conscience of good and bad, right versus wrong, proper and improper. The development of the id and superego finally results in the ego, which is the child's first way of mentally seeing themselves, it is when they finally conceptualize an "I." The ego is the conscious mechanism of the psyche and it uses the superego as an access to the unconscious, the id, with some exceptions.

As a way to categorize the psychic instances, the id goes with the E9, the ego with the E3, and the superego with the E6. These also map along with the distribution of the family triad. The E9 embodies the triad of the child, and is also the id, the stage we all start at as infants. The E6 embodies the triad of the father, and is also the superego, the stage we develop as a result of internalizing our parents' teachings. The E3 embodies the triad of the mother, and is also that of the ego, the stage which we realize conceive of individual identity, reconciling between the child and the father.freudian_triad.png

These types are further divided around the Enneagram, although the distribution doesn't fit the exact manifestation of the passional triads. In truth, every type has a trace or manifestation of all of the psychic instances in their type, however the domination of one will prevail over the other, and match the dominant attitude of the type. For example, the E1 has a general identification with the superego in the childhood and embody the symbol of tyrannical fatherhood, enforcers who impose their rules and intellectual canons on other people in order to exact perfection. They act as the superego for everyone in their environment. The nine types and their psychic instances follow as:


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[1] - Naranjo, C. (2017). Ensayos sobre psicología de los eneatipos. 

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