Skip to main content


*Typings from "Ensayos sobre psicología de los eneatipos" and "Dramatis personae. Eneatipos, cine y literatura" to be added

Type 1

Ludwig Wittgenstein[10]
John Locke[10]
Auguste Comte[10]
Bertrand Russell[10]
José Ortega y Gasset[10]
Martin Luther[11]
“Madame Eglantine, or The Prioress” (Canterbury Tales)[11]
“Aunt Betsy (Betsey Trotwood)” (David Copperfield)[11]
“Katherina Ivanovna” (The brothers Karamazov)[11]
"Pantalone" (Commedia dell'arte)[31]

Self-Preservation 1

Anna O. / Bertha Pappenheim[11]

Social 1

"Sherlock Holmes" (Sherlock Holmes)[34]
"Rogelio" (La Comédie humaine) "unlikely Sexual, probably Social"[13]

Type 2

Soren Kierkegaard[10]
Elizabeth Taylor[11]
Alexander the Great[10][11]
Giacomo Casanova[31]
“Mr. Darcy” (Pride and Prejudice)[11]
“Nora” (A Doll's House)[11]
“James Steerforth” (David Copperfield)[11]
“Dr. Faustus” (Doctor Faustus)[11]
“Carmen” (Carmen)[11]
Charlene (a patient of M. Scott Peck)[11]
Ida Bauer / ”Dora” (Freudian patient)[11]
Naomi Goldberg (patient of Robert U. Akeret)[11]
"La Princesse de Cadignan" (La Comédie humaine, Les Secrets de la princesse de Cadignan)[13]
"Columbina" (Commedia dell'arte)[31]

Sexual 2

Mata Hari[24]
Isadora Duncan[24]
Aristippus,[33] initially typed as So2[10]
“Nana Coupeau” (Nana)[11]
“Scarlett O’Hara” (Gone with the Wind)[2][11]
Femme Fatale (Achetype)[11]

Self-Preservation 2

Marie Antoinette[24]
“Dora Spenlow / “Little Dora” – David Copperfield[11]

Social 2

Napoleon Bonaparte[24]
Julius Caesar[11][24]
Eva Perón[24]
Elvis Presley[24]
Truman Capote[24]

Type 3

Ronald Reagan[11]
Cherry Boone[11]
Suzy / Suzana Stroke (Naranjo’s wife)[11]
“Menippe” (Caractères)[11]
“Narcisse” (Caractères)[11]
Becky Sharp” (Vanity Fair)[11][31]
“Emma Bovary (Madame Bovary)” (Madame Bovary)[11]
“Rosemary Fell” (A Cup of Tea)[11]
"Dick Tracy"[6]
"Mr. Spock"[6]
"Florindo" (Commedia dell'arte)[31]

Self-Preservation 3

St. Clare of Assisi[27]

Sexual 3

Marilyn Monroe[11][27]
"Dorian Grey" ("The Picture of Dorian Gray")[27]
Anna Karenina ("Anna Karenina")[27]
"Marquess Julia d'Eglemon" (La Comédie humaine)[13]

Social 3

Klemens von Metternich[27]
St. Teresa of Jesus[27]
"La Duchesse de Langeais" (La Duchesse de Langeais)[13]

Type 4

Arthur Schopenhauer[10]
“The Nightingale” (The Conference of the birds)[11]
"Rodolphe Boulanger” (Madame Bovary)[11]
“Richard III” (Shakespeare's play Richard the III)[11]
"Pierrot" (Commedia dell'arte)[31]
Philosophy[10] (as well as 5)

Self-Preservation 4

Miguel de Unamuno[1]
Leo Tolstoy[11]
Honoré de Balzac[13]
Lawrence of Arabia / Thomas Edward Lawrence[11]
Vincent Van Gogh[11][32]
Girolamo Savonarola[32]
"Jane Eyre" (Jane Eyre)[32]
"Tess" (Tess)[32]
"T.E. Lawrence of Arabia" (Lawrence of Arabia)[32]
From sx4 to sp4: Laura (patient of Robert M. Lindner) ("After having documented, well enough, the change from this hateful sexual E4 pattern to the overly well-intentioned and controlled self-preservation E4 pattern")[11]

Sexual 4

Adolf Hitler[6][9] (initially taught 6)
Marquis de Sade[32]
St Augustine of Hippo[32]
Franciso de Goya[32]
Jean-Paul Sartre[10]
Arthur Rimbaud[11]
"Frank Slade" (Al Pacino in Scent of Woman)[6]
“Mrs Grumble” (David Copperfield)[11]
“Oedipus” (Oedipus Rex)[11]
"Théodore de Sommervieux" (La Comédie humaine, La Maison du chat-qui-pelote)[13]

Social 4

Marcel Proust[11]
Gustav Mahler[32]
"Raphaël de Valentin" (La Peau de chagrin)[32]
"Sarah Woodruff" (The French Lieutenant's Woman)[32]

Type 5

Thales of Miletus[10]
Charles Darwin[10][11]
Isaac Newton[10][11]
Martin Heidegger[10]
Hannah Arendt[10]
“The Owl” (The Conference of the Birds)[11]
“The Oxford Cleric” (Canterbury Tales)[11]
“Siddhartha” (Siddhartha: An Indian Poem)[11]
"Séraphîta/Séraphitüs" (Séraphîta)[13]
"Stenterello" (Commedia dell'arte)[31]
Philosophy[10] (as well as 4)

Self-Preservation 5

Baruch Spinoza[10][16]
Robert Crumb[16]
"Meursault" (The Stranger book)[16][11]
"Underground Man" (Notes from Underground book)[16]
"The Toll Collector" (Short film)[16]
"Paterson" (2003 film)[16]
“Bartleby” (Bartleby, the Scrivener: A Story of Wall Street)[11]

Sexual 5

Blaise Pascal[10]
Frédéric Chopin[2][8][11][16]
Friedrich Nietzsche[10]
Jean Rousseau[10][16]
William Wordsworth[16]
"Charlie Barber" (Marriage Story film)[16]
"Philip Carey" (Of Human Bondage book)[16]

Social 5

Claudio Naranjo[14][16]
Leonardo Da Vinci[16]
Albert Einstein[16]
Gautama Buddha[16]
"Jean-Claude Romand" (The Adversary: A True Story of Monstruous Deception book)[16]
"Balthazar Claes" (The Quest of the Absolute book)[16]
"Charles Darwin" (Creation film)[16]
"Isak Borg" (Wild Strawberries film)[11][16]
"Sarah" (patient of Joel Kovel)[11]

Type 6

Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi[11]
“Don Quixote” (The Ingenious Gentleman Don Quixote of La Mancha)[11]
“Ivan Karamazov” (The brother Karamazov)[11]

Self-Preservation 6

Fyodor Dostoevsky[11]
Franz Peter Schubert[25]

Sexual 6

Otto von Bismarck[25]
"Macbeth" (The Tragedy of Macbeth)[11][31]
"Captain Ahab" (Moby Dick)[31]
"Popeye" (Popeye the Sailor)[31]
"Captain Spavento" (Commedia dell'arte)[31]

Social 6

Immanuel Kant[8]
René Descartes,[33] initially typed So5[10]
Otto Adolf Eichmann[25]
Plato,[33]initially typed as Sx6[10]
“Raskolnikov" (Crime and Punishment)[34] initially typed as SX6 [11]
“Dr. Strangelove” (Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb)[11]
"Christophe Lecamus" (La Comédie humaine, Sur Catherine de Médicis)[13]

Type 7

Paco Peñarrubia[11]
“The Friar” (Canterbury Tales)[11]
“Monsieur Hommes” (Madame Bovary)[11]
“Tartuffe” (Tartuffe, or The Impostor, or The Hypocrite)[11]
"Harlequin" (Commedia dell'arte)[31]

Self-Preservation 7

Francis Bacon[10]
Christopher Columbus[11][29]

Sexual 7

Franz Liszt[29]
"Victor d'Eglemon" (La Comédie humaine)[13]

Social 7

Saint Francis of Assisi[1][8]
José Martí[29]

Type 8

Karl Marx[10][11]
Fritz Perls[10]
Henry VIII[11]
Robert M. Lindner[11]
Giuseppe Garibaldi[11]
Dmitri Karamazov” (The brothers Karamazov)[11]
The Miller” (The Canterbury Tales)[11]
The Summoner” (The Canterbury Tales)[11]
Rhett Butler” (Gone with the Wind Novel – the film “softens” him)[11]
“Vantrin / Jacques Collin” (Old Goriot)[11]
Mac (Lindner patient)[11]
Jacques Collin (La Comédie humaine)[13]
"Brighella" (Commedia dell'arte)[31]

Self-Preservation 8

"Bridau, Ministry of the Interior" (La Comédie humaine)[13]

Social 8


Type 9

Josef Breuer (“probably”)[11]
George Washington[11]
“Aliosha Karamazov” (The brothers Karamazov)[11]
“Charles Bovary / Dr. Bovary” (Madame Bovary)[11]
“The Host” (Canterbury Tales)[11]
“Père Goriot” (Old Goriot)[11]
“Eugénie Grandet” (Eugénie Grandet)[11]
“Babbitt” (Babbitt)[11]
“Wilkins Micawber/ Mr Micawber” (David Copperfield)[11]
“Marvin” (patient of Irvin D. Yalom)[11]
"Godefroid de Beaudenord" (L'Envers de l'histoire contemporaine)[13]
"Gianduja" (Commedia dell'arte)[31]

Self-Preservation 9

Sancho Panza[8][11]
David Hume[10][33]
Winston Churchill[26]
Karen Horney[34]
Thomas Aquinas[33], initially cited for E1[10]
"John Watson" (Sherlock Holmes)[34]

Sexual 9

"Agathe Bridau" (La Comédie humaine)[13]

Social 9

Desmond Tutu[26]


Jungian Types

E1: Extraverted Thinking Type
E2: Extraverted Feeling Type
E3: Extraverted Type with well developed Sensing and Thinking
E4: Introverted Feeling Type ("fits only frangmentarily")
E5: "more than one introverted types", "traces in Introverted Feeling Type" - Introverted Thinking Type
E5 sp: Introverted Sensation Type[16]
E5 so: Introverted Intuition Type, Introverted Thinking Type[16]
E5 sx: Introverted Thinking Type, Introverted Sensation Type[16]
E6: Introverted Thinking Type[25]
E7: Introverted and Intuitive, which is not the Introverted Intuitive Type. Quotes Extraverted Intuition for the Intuition part
E7 so: Introverted Intuition Type[29]
E7 sp: Extraverted Intuition Type[29]
E8: Extraverted Sensation Type ("only in his aspects of realism and lusty, not dominance")
E9: Introverted Feeling Type, Extraverted Sensation Type (Von Franz's one), notes that SP9 is the most introverted

Keirsey Temperament Sorter types*

*Uses MBTI nomenclature but not Jungian functions
Counter-phobic E6: ENTJ

DSM-III-R Personality Disorders[28]

E1: Obsessive-compulsive
E2: Histrionic
E3: N/A ("The characterological disposition involved in ennea-type III is the only one not included in DSM-Ill-which raises the question as to whether this may be related to the fact of its constituting the modal personality in American society since the twenties.")
E4: Self-defeating
E5: Schizoid
Phobic E6: Avoidant, Paranoid
Counter-phobic E6: Obdurate paranoid (including compulsive features) 
E7: Narcissistic
E8: Antisocial, Sadistic
E9: Dependent ("the name is not very appropriate")

DSM-IV-TR Personality Disorders

E2: Histrionic (mainly 2sx)[24]
E2 sp: Dependent[24]
E2 so: Grandiose/Overt Narcissistic[24]
E5: Schizoid[16]
E6: Paranoid[25]
E6 sp: Compulsive Paranoid, Dependent, Avoidant[25]
E6 sx: Antisocial Paranoid[25]
E6 so: Compulsive Paranoid, Obsessive-compulsive[25]
E9: Dependent (especially 9so)[26]

Defense mechanisms

E1: Reaction formation
E2: Emotionalization or Emotionalism, Dissociation,[24] Repression[24]
E3: Identification, Rationalization, Negation
E4: Introjection, Retroflection
E5: Isolation, Compartmentalization[16]
E6: Identification with the aggressor
E7: Rationalization, Idealization, Sublimination
E8: Denial (points out the need for a more specific term) or “Counter-identification”
E9: Narcotization, Deflection, "Self-distraction", Confluence

Types of love[31]

E1: Superior-love

E2: Passion-love
E3: Narcissistic-love
E4: Sickness-love
E5: Lack of affection
E6: Submissive-love and Paternalistic-love
E7: Pleasure-love
E8: Domineering-love
E9: Complacent-love


[1] Haiki (the Enneagram of Claudio Naranjo), Enneagram Subtypes
[2] Chestnut B. (2013), The Complete Enneagram: 27 Paths to Greater Self-Knowledge, subtypes
[3] Fauvre K. (2020), Reddit comments, about her own type | about Jordan Peterson: 1 - 2
[6] Fauvre K. (2021), History of the Enneagram Types, A Workshop with Dr. Claudio Naranjo
[7] Fauvre K. (2019), Coaching Enneagram Type 9
[8] Naranjo C. (2012), 27 Personajes en busca del ser - Subtypes community translation
[9] Fauvre K. (2019), What Enneagram Type was Hitler?
[10] Naranjo C. (2008), Personality and Philosophy conference
[11] Naranjo C. (1997), Transformation Through Insight: Enneatypes in Clinical Practice
[12] Naranjo C. (2012), Psychologies of enneatypes and subtypes paths to knowledge and consciousness, Part 5
[13] Naranjo C., Balzac & The Enneagram of Personality
[14] Naranjo C. (2012), Psychologies of enneatypes and subtypes paths to knowledge and consciousness, Part 4
[15] Fauvre K. (2020), Reddit comment about Biden
[16] Naranjo C. (2021), Avaricia: Mezquinos, arrogantes e indiferentes chapters
[17] Fauvre K. (2022), Quora answer about Einstein
[18] Fauvre K. (2020), Oprah Type 2 or 3?, 2020 comment
[20] Fauvre K. (2022), Certification Program, Endorsements
[21] Fauvre K., Fauvre's site, Famous people in "Types" section
[22] Fauvre K. (2018), Hangout #2 call
[24] Naranjo C. (2020), Orgullo: Caprichosos, histriónicos y conquistadores
[25] Naranjo C. (2017), Cobardes, desafiantes y fanáticos : las formas del miedo (6sp Translated by Allfather#7790 on Discord)
[26] Naranjo C. (2018), La pereza psicoespiritual
[27] Naranjo C. (2014), Vanidad
[28] Naranjo C. (1990), Character and Neurosis: An Integrative View
[29] Naranjo C. (2019), Golosos
[31] Naranjo C. (1995), The Enneagram of Society: Healing the Soul to Heal the World
[32] Naranjo C. (2022), Envidia: Abnegados, odiadores y melancólicos
[33] Naranjo C. (2017), Ensayos sobre psicología de los eneatipos
[34] Naranjo C. (2019), Dramatis personae. Eneatipos, cine y literatura

Written and maintained by PDB users for PDB users.